According to the World Bank’s latest Global Economic Prospects report, the global economy is expected to experience a significant slowdown this year due to a combination of factors, including high interest rates, the impact of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, and the ongoing effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.
The report projects that the international economy will grow by just 2.1% in 2023, compared to a growth rate of 3.1% in 2022. While this outlook represents an upgrade from the bank’s previous forecast, which predicted a growth rate of 1.7% for this year, it still signals a notable deceleration in global economic activity.
One of the primary factors contributing to the slowdown is the aggressive interest rate hikes implemented by central banks, including the Federal Reserve, in response to resurging inflation. The rebound from the pandemic recession, persistent supply shortages, and energy and food price shocks resulting from the Ukraine war have all contributed to the inflationary pressures.
The World Bank’s report underscores the need for careful policy management to strike a balance between addressing inflationary pressures and supporting economic recovery. It emphasises the importance of coordinated efforts among central banks and policymakers to navigate the challenging economic landscape and promote sustainable growth.
Overall, the World Bank’s latest outlook highlights the vulnerabilities and complexities facing the global economy, requiring ongoing vigilance and policy adjustments to navigate these uncertain times.