Sudan faces an escalating humanitarian crisis, particularly in Omdurman and Darfur, marked by fierce battles and growing civilian casualties.
Situation in Omdurman
Eyewitness reports from Omdurman, west of Sudan’s capital, reveal a harrowing scene of bodies in military attire strewn across the streets. This follows intense clashes on Wednesday, highlighting the deteriorating security situation.
Conflict in Darfur
The United Nations has raised alarms over the intensifying conflict in Darfur. The Sudanese army and Rapid Support Forces are locked in a seven-month-long war, with control of key regions at stake.
The conflict has had a devastating impact on civilians. A stray shell reportedly hit Al-Nu Hospital in North Omdurman, killing a worker. The situation in Darfur’s capital, Al-Fashir, is dire, with civilians and displaced persons facing severe risks amid worsening security, food scarcity, and limited services.
The US Embassy in Sudan has expressed deep concern over eyewitness reports of serious human rights violations by Rapid Support Forces, including targeted killings in West Darfur’s Ardamata area. Ethnic targeting of the non-Arab Masalit community has been reported.
Background of the Conflict
The Darfur conflict, rooted in long-standing political and ethnic tensions, has seen various armed groups vying for power. The region has been a hotspot of violence and instability for years.
Since April, fighting has intensified, led by Generals Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo (Hemedti). This conflict between the generals has paralyzed essential services and destroyed entire neighborhoods in the capital and Darfur.
Casualties and Displacements
The war has been deadly, with ACLED reporting over 10,400 deaths. The UN notes that more than 6 million Sudanese have been displaced or sought refuge due to the conflict.
Sudan’s current situation, particularly in Omdurman and Darfur, poses severe humanitarian challenges. The international community’s response and Sudan’s efforts to manage this crisis will be critical in the coming months.